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Red Mud

Sat 27 Jul, 2019

In a step towards productive utilisation of bauxite residue, commonly known as the ‘Red Mud’, an interactive workshop called ‘Waste To Wealth’ was organized by Ministry of Mines in association with the Jawaharlal Nehru Aluminium Research Development and Design Centre (JNARDDC) Nagpur in the New Delhi.

Red Mud

  • Red Mud, also known as is a solid waste generated during the aluminium production process.
  • Red mud contains toxic heavy metals and its high alkalinity makes it extremely corrosive and damaging to soil and life forms, presenting a massive problem for disposal.
  • Global generation of red mud is more than 150 million tons and there exists a global inventory of more than 3 billion tons. Red mud generation in India is around 9 million tons per year.

Emphasis

  • To focus on effective bulk utilization of red mud with necessary government support.
  • Preparing a roadmap for the productive utilization of red mud.

JNARDDC

  • Established in 1989, Jawaharlal Nehru Aluminium Research Development and Design Centre, is an autonomous body of Ministry of Mines.
  • It is situated in Nagpur, Maharashtra.

Bauxite

  • Bauxite is a sedimentary rock with a relatively high aluminium content. It is the world's main source of aluminium.
  • Orissa, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh are the main bauxite producing states in India.
  • Guinea holds the largest bauxite reserves in the world.
  • Australia is the world's biggest bauxite producer.