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India-China Dispute & US Mediation Offer

Sat 30 May, 2020

Recently, the US President Donald Trump has offered to mediate between India and China over the Indo-China border standoff along the Line of Actual Control (LAC). The proposal comes amid ongoing issues between the USA and China over the origin of Covid-19 and trade tensions between the two countries. So far, at least six rounds of talks have been held between Indian and Chinese military commanders in Ladakh on the ground but have failed to achieve a breakthrough.

Background

  • A few months ago, the US had offered to mediate between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, but India rejected saying it as a bilateral discussion issue.
  • Currently, India and China faces standoff at least four points along the LAC, including Pangong Tso lake, Demchok and Galwan Valley in Ladakh and Naku La in Sikkim.

Major Highlights

  • The tensions between two countries escalated along the LAC after China ordered the military to scale up battle preparedness and asked it to resolutely defend the country’s sovereignty.
  • India has not given any official response to the USA’s offer  but said it has been carrying out high level meetings to open diplomatic channels to resolve the issue peacefully.
  • China has also talked about resolving the deadlock through bilateral discussions.

India China Relations

  • India established its diplomatic relations with China on 1 April 1950, making India the first non-socialist country to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China.
  • Currently, bilateral talks as well as informal conferences are being organized between the representatives of the two countries, which shows that both countries are aware of their long-term interests.