On the occasion of International Tiger Day, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi released the the results of the fourth cycle of All India Tiger Estimation - 2018 compiled by the National Tiger Conservation Authority. According to the survey, the count of tigers in India has risen to 2967, in 2018.
- Tiger is the national animal of India and its scientific name is Panthera Tigris.
- Due to poaching, in the year 1970, there was threat to the existence of tigers.
- Wildlife conservation law came into force in the year 1972, when tigers were kept in threatened species category. Project Tiger was started in 1973 in nine reserves including Jim Corbett National Park.
- Government started annual surveys for the counting of tigers, which resulted in a significant increase in their number after 1990.
- This conservation campaign was strengthened in 2006, when the government amended the Wildlife Protection Act. Simultaneously, the wildlife crime control board was strengthened and the National Tiger Conservation Authority was strengthened.
- In 2010, 13 countries participated in the three-day conference in Russia's St Petersburg city. These included Bangladesh including Bharat, Bhutan, Nepal, Vietnam, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, China, Russia, Thailand, Laos. These countries had set a target of doubling the number of tigers by 2022.
The major findings of the All-India Estimates of Tigers
- The commitment of the St. Petersburg Declaration of doubling the number of tigers has already been achieved before the deadline of 2022.
- There has also been an increase in the “protected areas.” In 2014, there were 692 protected areas, which increased to more than 860 in 2019.
- The “Community Reserves” have also grown from 43, in 2014, to more than 100 now.
- Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers (526) followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).
- Pench Tiger Sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers, while the Satyamangalam Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu is best in management.
- Chhatisgarh and Mizoram saw a decline in their tiger numbers while tiger’s numbers in Odisha remained constant.
- Statistics were collected using Android-based applications M-STrIPS (Monitoring System for Tigers Intensive Protection and Ecological States) and analyzed on the desktop modules of the application.
National Tiger Conservation Authority
- National Tiger Conservation Authority established in year 2006 by amending the provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
- It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Forest and Climate Change.